Heating & Air Conditioning Tips

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Tips for Saving Energy in Your Home

Here is some advice that will help you conserve energy, save money and do your part to help the environment http://www.calgary-plumbers.co/.

Equalized Payment Plan

  • Ask your utility company about equalized payments. This will make your gas charges the same each month so there are no huge boosts during the winter.

Furnace

  • Your furnace needs to be kept clean, adjusted and lubricated annually. If your furnace is well taken care of, it will be more efficient, which means less energy used and less money spent.
  • Replace of clean filters every couple of months. Dirty filters will stop air from flowing properly and your heat will need to be on longer in order to heat your space.

low energy costsThink about buying an ENERGY STAR furnace that has a motor with variable speeds. The average home can save nearly 60 percent in utility costs yearly when making the change from a 60% efficiency furnace to one that has 95% efficiency and a high-efficiency motor with varying speeds.

Thermostat

  • You should reduce the thermostat temperature by 7-9 degrees Fahrenheit or 4-5 degrees Celsius while you are asleep or away from home.
  • Purchase a programmable thermostat. For every single Celsius degree, you turn your thermostat down, you will save two percent on heating bills. If you install a programmable thermostat that adjusts the heat when needed, you can save about $60 yearly.

Laundry

  • Wash your clothes in cold water. Most of the energy that is used when washing clothes comes from heating the water. Using the cold setting on your washer will help the environment while saving money and energy.

Wash full loads of clothes.

  • Choose a washer that loads in the front. – These washers save a good amount of energy and water, which means more money saved. A machine like this uses about 40 percent less water and half the energy of a top-loading washer.
  • This will provide a barrier between the movable and fixed sections of windows and doors. Use weather-stripping on all windows and on doors that lead to the garage, attic and exterior of the home.

Windows, Door Frames, Joints & Sills

  • Apply caulk or sealant to door frames, windows, joint and sills. When it is windy outside, check for leaks. You can also use incense to check to see if there are any leaks around electrical outlets, vents, windows and exterior doors. As a side note, a swaying spider web is a clear indication that there is a draft,
  • Use window covers made of plastic to stop heat from getting out.
  • Make sure that all heating vents and return air grills are not obstructed by rugs, furniture or drapes since this will reduce the flow of heat in your house.


Protect Your Gas Furnace with These Four Tips

Your gas furnace should last a few decades. However, if you are like a lot of people you may not think about it much until there is a problem. That’s why you have to use the following tips to maintain your appliance and keep it working http://www.furnace-repair-toronto.ca.

1-Remember Safety

furnaceBefore you begin any work on your furnace, maintenance or otherwise, look over the scene to be sure that you’re being safe about the work you’re about to do. It might be necessary to turn off power to the appliance before you start.

If you smell gas at any time, don’t go any further. Get out of your home right away and call your utility company or the fire department. Stay out of the house until you are explicitly notified that it is okay to go back in.

2-Change Out the Air Filter

A really simple thing to do when you want to keep your furnace in good shape is to check the filter and change it out if you need a new one. Your filter is there to ensure that lint and other debris does not get into the furnace. If that happens, those substances could cause problems for the furnace itself or spread throughout the house through the ducts. Because of the job they do, you should consider replacing them about every six months.

Typically, the filter can be found by looking just inside the blower door or between the furnace’s return air duct and the blower. You may need to pry it open with a screwdriver, so have one handy if you want to do that. If the filter seems clogged and dirty, put a new one in. Make sure you pay attention to which way the air flows so that you can put the filter back into the unit correctly.

3-Have the Furnace Cleaned Out

The filter of your furnace will do a great job of catching dirt and other debris, but it might not catch 100% of the things that might pass through, particularly if you own an older model. You can clean belts, pulleys and the blower assembly by taking out the furnace’s fan unit or the filter’s panel. Check for screws before trying to remove the components.

Once you’ve gotten the parts out, use a damp cloth to clean them.

4-Have Regular Assessments

To know that the heat is efficient and to prevent huge problems before they happen, get the heater looked at by a service provider each year. You might want to have this done when you plan to be done with the heater for the year. If your HVAC system includes an air conditioning unit, you might decide to have that inspected then as well.

Just like the other appliances inside your house, you have to maintain your gas furnace so that it will stand the test of time. Using these tips and getting regular assessments by a reputable HVAC contractor, you can ensure your furnace continues to function properly.



Why Should You Switch to a High Efficiency Gas Furnace?

Older homes usually have older furnaces.  The more time you spend with these equipment, the more they get attached to you and the more reasons you make to postpone the process of getting them replaced as needed. Although you can always tell yourself that it still serves its purpose, older furnaces should eventually be replaced. These are the two main reasons: (1) lifelong economical service and (2) increased reliability.  Having a high efficiency gas furnace does not only make your home more comfortable http://furnace-repair-edmonton.ca, it also improves the value of your home and helps you save money on gas bills that you deal with every month.

How do you know if a gas furnace is high-efficient?

high efficiency gas furnaceA gas furnace is high-efficient if it has a high AFUE rating.  AFUE stands for Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency.  A high-efficiency gas furnace should have an AFUE rating of between 90 and 95 percent.  If the gas furnace has an AFUE rating of 90%, that means that it uses 90% of the fuel to reach the temperature that you set it on while the other 10% is turned into exhaust gases.  That being said, the higher the AFUE rating, the more efficient that gas furnace is.  It’s safe to say investing in a high-efficiency gas furnace will allow you minimal loss and maximum benefits.

Since we have determined how a high efficiency gas furnace can make a whole lot of changes, let’s see the features behind them:

  1. The electronic ignition technology of a gas furnace can easily be defined as its best feature.  This feature eliminates the use of pilot light which is a common component of a standard forced-air furnace and those used by older furnace units.  A pilot light is always in a continuous burning mode; but having an electronic spark ignition will save energy as it only gets activated when the furnace is engaged.  You can therefore consider the pilot light as the culprit for major fuel wastage for conventional gas furnaces.  The replacement done with the electronic ignition raises the AFUE rating of the furnace and definitely helps increase your savings.
  2. An efficient gas furnace also has an automatic vent damper which it benefits from.  This damper increases the thermal efficiency as it closes the fuel pipe and restricts usage of fuel when your burner isn’t activated.  This is referred to as pulse combustion technology and is one of the major contributors to the efficiency of a gas furnace.
  3. In high efficiency gas furnace, the air flow is being induced and regulated which means, it’s preventing a free circulation through the system which is what’s usually happening in conventional gas furnaces.  This makes a safer combustion process and also improves the efficiency of the gas furnace.

Remember that switching or upgrading to high efficiency gas furnaces is the best decision when you have been working with an old furnace. It does not only last longer but it will definitely give you more savings throughout its lifetime.



Common Problems of Air Conditioners and How to Fix Them

Air conditioning units are appliances that provide comfort and increase our quality of life.  However, overtime and inevitably, these units will be experiencing electrical and mechanical problems.  In this article, we’ll be discussing with you the most common problems that you might experience with your air conditioning units and the solutions to these problems. Remember that though there are problems that you can fix yourself, some that are beyond your capabilities will require the expertise of a professional http://www.plumbers-edmonton.ca/.

  1. Unit is not coming on.  Your air conditioning unit may start to not work during the start of the cooling season.  This usually happens when your thermostat is defective or when it is improperly set. It may also happen if the unit isn’t receiving power.  In cases like this, here are the things that you’ll need to check:
  • Thermostat.  Check your thermostat and make sure that is set to “cooling”.  There are some systems that have built-in timers which delays the activation of the unit.  Wait for the timer to complete the cycle, then adjust the thermostat a few degrees lower than the temperature inside the house.  Have a professional check on the thermostat if it already requires calibration.
  • Power.  Always make sure the unit is receiving power.  Check the circuit breaker if it has tripped or if you have a blown fuse.  If it’s a blown fuse, replace it with a fuse that has similar amperage.  If it’s a tripped circuit breaker, simply reset the breaker.  On some units, there’s a breaker panel that is located near outdoor unit.  Make sure that that breaker is on or the disconnect is properly inserted.  If the problem isn’t resolved, contact a technician.
  1. Unit is blowing warm air.  One possible cause of this is dirty filters.  If the filters are dirty, even when the unit is producing cold air, it won’t be able to flow through your ductwork.  Remove your filters and clean them so the unit will start working properly again.  If the ambient temperature approaches triple digits, the system will have to work harder and may not be able to cool effectively.  Check the outdoor unit and make sure that it is running.  If it’s on, get rid of any leaves or obstructions that may be affecting the airflow.

air conditioningThis problem may also be caused by insufficient refrigerant.  In this case, have a technician replenish the refrigerant.

  1. The unit is cycling on and off or it won’t turn off.  The most common cause of this problem is incorrect sizing.  If the system is too large, then it will cycle on and off.  With a large system, it can quickly reach the set temperature on the thermostat and will then signal the unit to turn off.  When the temperature changes, it will turn on again.  Rapid cycling can also be caused by the air register directly blowing cool air on your thermostat.

If a unit is running continuously, then it may be too small.  It’s not able to cool the volume of air in your home.  It may also be a case of the fan running continuously but the inside unit is off.  In this case, you will need to turn the fan switch on the thermostat to “off”.  If it’s still running, you will need to stop power from going to the system.  For this step, you’ll need to turn the circuit breaker off.  Then, call a technician as this may be caused by faulty relay switches or low refrigerant level.

  1. Clogged condensation line.  The AC system’s inside component sits inside of a drip pan.  This collects water if you experience clogged condensation line.  This usually happens when insects build nests inside the drain line.  If you can see water in the pan, you will need to blow compressed air in the pipe so you can remove the obstruction.  Then, pour a solution of bleach and water (50-50 ratio) in the drainpipe to get rid of mold and mildew.  Clearing the line might require a technician.
  2. Frozen unit.  This can be caused by improper airflow.  Once again, check your filters and make sure they are clean.  Then, clean the coils from dirt or debris.  If the blower isn’t working properly, this will also cause your unit to freeze since the cold air will not be distributed and will remain inside.  Another cause is if you have a faulty control relay which means the outdoor unit will keep on running even with the indoor unit off.  Cleaning and replacing filters can easily be done but any electrical changes will call for a technician.

Do not forget that most air conditioning problems can be avoided by proper maintenance and a regular maintenance checkup.  It will keep the unit working at its best condition, preventing any problems from occurring in the future.



Understanding How Split AC Units Function

You know it’s about time that you installed an AC unit when the heat starts getting unbearable in your home. Most modern homes are never viewed as complete if they lack air conditioning. The split AC units help you regulate the high temperatures and humidity that come with summer.

One of the most common systems is the split AC units, which has two independent parts hence its name http://air-conditioning-toronto.ca. The two are an indoor unit and an outdoor unit. The indoor unit has a blower or fan and evaporator coils while the outdoor unit has a compression and condenser coils.

split AC units

Here is an explanation of how a split air conditioner functions:

1. The compressor pressurizes a refrigerant, and this action causes the gas to heat up.

2. The gas will then turn into liquid as it moves through the several tubes.

3. The liquid still retains some degree of pressure as it proceeds to the condenser coils passing through to the expansion joint.

4. While passing through the joint, the pressure drops and the liquid changes into a gas.

5. The gas also releases heat and cools as the pressure drops.

6. The gas then travels back to the compressor for repeat cycle, and as this happens, the air drawn in from the room passes over the evaporator coils and is cooled.

7. The blower then fans the cools air back into the room.

8. The air will keep circulating within the unit until it attains the desired temperature.

9. The AC will automatically shut off once it senses that the room air is at the set temperature.

The split AC units work practically the same way as other AC units, the only difference being that it has one part inside and the is outside.

The two parts, the outside part consisting of condenser coils and a compressor and the inside part comprised of a blower and evaporator, are connected with special tubing.

People consider central ACs are split air conditioners; although the think that the split ACs have smaller compressors on the outside and separate units on the inside.

Split AC units are designed to cool rooms without the need for ducting. The units are simple systems that offer a better zone control.

What Makes Split AC Units Effective?

• They have bigger compressors than window units thus they can cool larger rooms.

• It is possible to connect a compressor to different ductless and ducting units.

Split air conditioners are easy to maintenance, and that applies to both parts, independently.

The units are more efficient because though the units may seem as if they are not running; the compressor is always on standby, which means fewer costs when starting the system as well as shutting it down.

What Makes Split ACs Different?

a. The key difference is the two split parts and the fact that they do not require ducting, other than that, split air conditioners work the same way as Central air conditioners.

b. The other clear different is the distinct size of the unit as well as its ability to cool larger rooms compared to the window and portable AC units.

c. Also, split AC units have larger compressors than those in the window and portable AC units.

d. Compared to the smaller ACs that have all their parts in a single containment, split air conditioners have a unique design; two independent parts connect using tubing.

Split air conditioners have the following parts:
The key components of a split AC units are the expansion joint, filter, condenser coils, thermostat, blower, and compressor, which are also found in other AC systems. The only difference is that the split system as one unit inside the house and the other outside. The inside unit houses the blower, evaporator coils, a thermostat to control the temperature, and filter.

With the information given above, you are in a better place to make a more informed choice when deciding if you need a slip air conditioner or not. Nevertheless, consult with your HVAC Company to know which cooling options are suitable for your home.



DIY Air Conditioner Installation Guide

Air conditioning units are some of the most delicate appliances you can have in your home. These units should be placed strategically and connected as recommended by the manufacturer so that they work properly. This is one of the reasons we recommend having an experienced professional handle all the installations for you. If you are however the adventurous type, you can then handle the installations, but with some help. Outlined below is a detailed guide on how to install an air conditioner yourself http://www.air-conditioning-edmonton.ca/.

Two things, however, need to be clear when installing an air conditioner; you will need plenty of time and an excellent work plan for this project to be successful. Outlined below is a step by step guide on how to do this.

air conditioner

Step 1: Positioning the Indoor Unit
The indoor unit’s location is critical as it determines how well the unit will function. It is therefore advisable to pick a place with no obstacles (furniture, pipes, electronics, etc.) that could affect proper circulation of air, or even cause a headache for proper installation.

Step 2: Setting Up the Outdoor Unit
The same principle (in point one) should be followed when choosing the right location to set up the outdoor unit. Most importantly, there should be plenty of room to allow the unit to function adequately and efficiently. Although the outdoor unit may be designed to withstand any weather, it would be advisable to shield it from direct sunlight. In addition to this, the unit’s huge fans should face away from the house into an open space for optimal performance. Another important factor to note is that the unit should be placed on a flat surface to avoid tipping over.

Step 3: Bend the Copper Pipe
Care should be taken when bending the copper pipe. Examine the pipe first to determine the best way to bend it. Carefully remove the insulation, and then use your thumb to bend the pipe. This should be done slowly and carefully to avoid breaking the tube. Once bent to the required position, re-insulate the pipe using the remaining insulation material (previously on) and a waterproof tape as well. Secure the entire piece in readiness for the next step.

Step 4: Installing Water Drain Pipe
At the end of the drip tray is the water drain pipe. Attach the drain pipe with the other end of the plate using the rubber part. The drain pipe should be correctly positioned to allow water to flow away from the unit automatically. Most of the collected water is due to the system’s air cooling process that condenses hot air into water. One notable fact about this is that a cooling unit can produce approximately 5 pints of water especially in hot and humid days.

Step 5: Connect all the Pipes
This is the most important and final step for installing an air conditioner. You need to connect all the pipes as required to facilitate proper cooling and efficiency. To do this, you will need to connect all the pipe facings to the brass cones. You can make this easier by adding a few drops of oil on the facings to reduce friction and make it possible to tighten the joint using a wrench.

Once all the pipes have been properly connected, you will then need to insulate all the connecting parts to avoid heat leakage. You also need to ensure the pipes don’t leak; otherwise, the refrigerant will leak off. Cooling unit manufacturers provide a detailed guide on how to fix everything up for optimal performance – be sure to follow these. Once everything is done, you can then turn the air conditioner to enjoy a cooler home.




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